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Website development is a broad term for the work involved in developing a web site for the Internet (World Wide Web) or an intranet (a private network). Web development can range from developing the simplest static single page of plain text to the most complex web-based internet applications, electronic businesses, and social network services. A more comprehensive list of tasks to which web development commonly refers, may include domain registraion, web hosting, graphic desging, web page designing, web content development, client-side/server-side scripting, database management, web security, e-commerce development, search engine otptimization and social media optmization.

Web development mainly refer as the back-end of the website, the programming and interactions on the pages. A web developer focuses on how a site works and how the customers get things done on it. Good web developers know how to program scripts like ASP/JSP. They understand about how web forms work and can keep a site running effectively.

The term Web development is used for several different activities which are linked to the developing of a website are explained in detail as follow.

Domain registration :
Domain registration refers to the process of registering a domain name, which identifies one or more IP addresses with a name that is easier to remember and use in URLs to identify particular Web pages. The person or usiness that registers domain name is called the domain name registrant. A domain name is a unique name that identifies an internet resource such as a website. It is an identification string that defines a realm of administrative autonomy, authority or control on the internet. Domain names are formed by the rules of the Domain Name System (DNS). Any name registered in the DNS is a domain name.

There are many types of domain names available like .com, .net, .org, .edu, gov and latest are .in, .co.in etc.

Web hosting :
A web hosting service is a type of Internet hosting service that allows individuals and organizations to make their website accessible via the World Wide Web. Web hosts are companies that provide space on a server owned or leased for use by clients, as well as providing Internet connectivity, typically in a data center. Web hosts can also provide data center space and connectivity to the Internet for other servers located in their data center, called colocation, also known as Housing in Latin America or France.

The scope of web hosting services varies greatly. The most basic is web page and small-scale file hosting, where files can be uploaded via File Transfer Protocol (FTP) or a Web interface. The files are usually delivered to the Web "as is" or with minimal processing. Many Internet service providers (ISPs) offer this service free to subscribers. Individuals and organizations may also obtain Web page hosting from alternative service providers.

Graphic Designing :
Designing the layout of the website, menus, logos, color combinations, pictures etc. is involved in graphic designing. Graphic designing is the methodology of visual communication, and problem-solving through the use of type, space and image. The field is considered a subset of visual communication and communication design, but sometimes the term "graphic designing" is used interchangeably with these due to overlapping skills involved.

Graphic designers use various methods to create and combine words, symbols, and images to create a visual representation of ideas and messages. A graphic designer may use a combination of typography, visual arts and page layout techniques to produce a final result. Graphic designing often refers to both the process (designing) by which the communication is created and the websites (designs) which are generated.

Web page Desiging :
A typical visitor will NOT read the entire content of your Web page! No matter how much useful information you put into a Web page, a visitor will only spend a few seconds scanning it before he/she decide whether to leave or to stay.Designing a web site needs careful thinking and planning.The most important thing is to KNOW YOUR AUDIENCE.

Web design is the planning and creation of websites. This includes the information architecture, user interface, site structure, navigation, layout, colors, fonts, and imagery. All of these are combined with the principles of design to create a website that meets the goals of the owner and designer.

Web content development :
Web content is the textual, visual or aural content that is encountered as part of the user experience on websites. It may include, among other things: text, images, sounds, videos and animations.

This may include documents, data, applications, e-services, images, audio and video files, personal Web pages, archived e-mail messages, and more. And we include future stuff as well as present stuff.

Scripting client/server-side :
Scripting is a programming language that supports scripts, programs written for a special run-time environment that can interpret (rather than compile) and automate the execution of tasks that could alternatively be executed one-by-one by a human operator.

Website can be static or dynamic. Past decade which is also called as an evolving period for programming languages was a decade of static websites. These websites highly resemble with an information manual of a company which speaks about the functions of the company, the services offered, contact information and so forth. Static websites are generally created with HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language) and XML (eXtensible Markup Language) hence, although the information on the website is updated periodically, it would need an in depth knowledge of above mentioned languages to do so.

Dynamic website is in vogue today because of its easy operability. Interactivity, Information updates, and Search Engine Optimization are the major benefits of a dynamic website.

Website Scripting is used for incorporating interactivity to web pages and is a major concept of Dynamic HTML. The communication between web browser and web server happens through  small programs called web scripts.

Database Management :
A database is an organized collection of data. The data is typically organized to model aspects of reality in a way that supports processes requiring information. For example, modelling the availability of rooms in hotels in a way that supports finding a hotel with vacancies.

Database is basically a collection of information organized in such a way that acomputer program can quickly select desired pieces of data. You can think of a database as an electronic filing system.

Traditional databases are organized by fields, records, and files. A field is a single piece of information; a record is one complete set of fields; and a file is a collection of records. For example, a telephone book is analogous to a file. It contains a list of records, each of which consists of three fields: name, address, and telephone number.

Web Security :
Web security is a branch of Information Security that deals specifically with security of websites, web applications and web services. At a high level, Web security draws on the principles of application security but applies them specifically to Internet and Web systems.

e-commerce development :
Electronic Commerce, commonly known as E-commerce or eCommerce, is the buying and selling of goods and services, or the transmitting of funds or data, over an electronic network, primarily the Internet.

These business transactions occur either business-to-business, business-to-consumer, consumer-to-consumer or consumer-to-business. The terms e-commerce and e-business are often used interchangeably. The term e-tail is also sometimes used in reference to transactional processes around online retail.

Seacrh engine optimization :
Search engine optimization (SEO) is the process of affecting the visibility of a website or a web page in a search engine's "natural" or un-paid ("organic") search results. In general, the earlier (or higher ranked on the search results page), and more frequently a site appears in the search results list, the more visitors it will receive from the search engine's users. SEO may target different kinds of search, including image search, local search, video search, academic search,[1] news search and industry-specific vertical search engines.

All major search engines such as Google, Bing and Yahoo have primary search results, where web pages and other content such as videos or local listings are shown and ranked based on what the search engine considers most relevant to users.

Social media optimization :
Social media optimization (SMO) is the use of a number of social media outlets and communities to generate publicity to increase the awareness of a product, brand or event. Types of social media involved include RSS feeds, social news and bookmarking sites, as well as social networking sites, such as Facebook, Twitter and video and blogging sites. SMO is similar to search engine optimization in that the goal is to generate traffic and awareness for a website. In general, social media optimization refers to optimizing a website and its content in terms of sharing across social media and networking sites.


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